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Polar Architecture

Extreme environments in Polar Regions share similar facilities and operations, design and planning challenges: extreme cold temperatures, structural problems, high standards for materials, resources limitations, transportation and logistics.

Environmental hardships create challenges that reflect on sets of architectural requirements


Some Vernacular Practices Include :

1. Igloo :

Igloo, is a winter dwelling made of snow.Historically, Inuit across the Arctic lived in igloos before the introduction of modern, European-style homes.Igloos also retain practical value: some hunters and those seeking emergency shelter still use them.


2. Goahti :

A Goahti is a Sami (indigenous Scandinavians) hut or tent of three types of covering: fabric, peat moss or timber.The structure is covered with birch bark then peat to provide a durable, water-tight and heat-keeping construction.


Contemporary inventions :

1. Bharati Research Center :

India’s Bharati Research Center (the country’s third Antarctic station) is made from 136 prefab containers, but you wouldn’t know from looking. The station’s designed to keep a minimal carbon footprint and is wrapped in an aluminium case to protect against wind and cold.


2. Princess Elisabeth Research Station :

The Princess Elisabeth Research Station, built in 2009, is notable for being crazy green: it’s the first zero-emissions Antarctic research station, running solely on wind and solar power.

Passive architecture–designed to take advantage of the environment to minimize heat loss–it doesn’t require any internal heating.



We hope this article has been both informative and entertaining!


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