Wildlife Architecture focuses on creating spaces and experiences for a set of different users, animals.These projects aim at finding a balance between human and animal experience with a goal to bring wildlife and humans closer and treat nature sensibly.
Some design considerations include :
1.Reduce pollution emissions through air and water.
2.Identify, protect and rebuild critical wetland habitats.
3.Design for Net Positive water.
4.Reduce artificial heat islands.
6.Encourage aquatic habitats.
8.Reduce noise pollution.
9.Properly shield site and building lighting.
10.Do not build during mating season.
1. The Elephant House, Copenhagen Zoo :
It is a great example of creating spaces that are interactive and also providing a natural habitat for the elephants.The House has 2 enclosures allowing the bull elephants to break of the herd when necessary.
The enclosure is designed to bring a sense of light and openness with a stimulating environment. Along with sand, colours, dry riverbeds, mud holes, pools of water and shading brings this house to life.
2. Lemur Exhibit, Melbourne Zoo :
Known as the rainforest trail, it aims at providing contemporary Zoo experience allowing interaction on a personal environment. It is divided into 2 parts: Entry Tunnel and the Treehouse. The materials reflect the rainforest and the design focuses on minimising environmental impact, encourages the public to do the same through the design.
1. The Blue Planet, Denmark :
It has curved wings, mimicking the shapes of swirling water, like a whirlpool. The exhibition is divided among these wings with no pre-designed routes. The central foyer has a glass ceiling, allowing a direct view to the pool above.
1. Öhringen Petting Zoo, Germany :
The farm has a formal shape that blends in with the urban context. Multiple views from different directions are provided to people walking by as well as the visitors. Along with this the proximity to the pond attracts the pedestrians. The entire structure is built using larch wood, which need to be treated thereby not poisoning the animals.
We hope this article has been both informative and entertaining!