Art movements of every era have played a significant role in shaping the things around them including literature, and also to a large extent, even architecture. In this article, we shall take a look at some art movements that have influenced architecture.
Renaissance was a movement originated in the 1400s in Italy. Features of Renaissance buildings include the use of the classical orders and mathematically precise ratios of height and width combined with a desire for symmetry, proportion, and harmony. Columns, pediments, arches and domes are imaginatively used in buildings of all types.
Florence Cathedral , by Fillippo Brunelleschi
Art Nouveau attempted to break away from the excessive ornamentation of the previous architectural styles. It drew inspiration from organic and natural form and translated them into geometry.
Casa Mila , by Antoni Gaudi
Art Deco, is a movement in the decorative arts and architecture that originated in the 1920s and developed into a major style in western Europe and the United States during the 1930s.It typically includes individually crafted luxury items and mass-produced wares, use of bold colours, fragmented shapes and decorative, geometric windows.
Chrysler Building in New York City , by William Van Alen
Bauhaus movement of art and architecture, originated in the Bauhaus school, in Weimar, Germany, founded by architect Walter Gropius. Bauhaus architecture’s characteristics include functional shapes, abstract shapes used sparingly for décor, simple color schemes, holistic design, and basic industrial materials like concrete, steel, and glass.
Cubism is an Avant-Garde Art movement, which was distinct in comparison as every other art style was three-dimensional, this was two dimensional. Cubism in architecture led to abstraction of building form, spatial ambiguity, transparency and multiplicity. Materials appropriate for industrial production such as glass, were extensively used.
Palace of Assembly, Chandigarh , by Le Corbusier
We hope this article has been both informative and entertaining!