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Architecture of Bali

Balinese architecture has a distinct and strong characteristic. The ideas of Balinese Hindu traditions and belief systems are used to construct all traditional buildings on the island of Bali and the cultural and religious influences on architecture can be traced back many centuries.


Philosophies :

Tri Hata Karana: Harmonious balance between the 3 elements; human beings, nature, and gods.

Tri Mandala: Rules of space division and zoning.

Sanga Mandala: Spatial concept using directions that divides a space into nine sections.

Tri Angga: Concept or hierarchy from micro-macrocosm.

Tri Loka: Concept or hierarchy from between realms (animals; humans; deities).

Asta Kosala Kosali: 8 guidelines for architectural design that includes symbols in shrines, measurement units, shapes and sizes.

Arga Segara: The sacred axis between mountain and sea.


Design Elements :

Balinese architecture focuses mainly on 4 elements, which are:

Ventilation system

Strong foundation

Large courtyard

Guarding wall

Balinese homes and puri (palaces) are made up of several structures within a walled enclosure, rather than a large single structure.

Organic materials are mostly used in traditional Balinese architecture to achieve environmental balance. Some commonly used materials include :

Some notable temples of Bali include :


We hope this article has been both informative and entertaining!


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